It is time for laundry! Washing your clothes, without ruining them, is a basic life skill. There are some pre work which you have to do before you to be ready to load up the washing machine. Things like separating items by colour and texture, choosing the right washing cycle, and knowing how much detergent to add. You just need a little practice, but you’ll get the hang of it in no time.
- Separate cloths by their colours:
First and the most important advise from the best houswives about the laundry is to separate your clothes before washing them. If you mix your coloured clothes with white ones the second ones could become stained. Because of the fact that coloured clothes lose some of the dye colouring during the wash cycles and the light-coloured fabric pick up that dye, do not mix the clothes.
To be easier for you to learn how to separate the clothes, there are few categories to sort clothes into: whites, darks, lights. You could sub-divide even further, but these are the most used.
→ Whites: In this load are sorted white t-shirts, white underwear, white socks and other similar items.
→ Darks: Grays, blacks, navies, reds, dark purples and similar colours are fall into this category.
→ Lights: In this pile of laundry are placed clothes with pastel-type colours such as pink, lavender, light blue, light green and yellow.
- Separate cloths by fabric or texture:
You already know how important is to separate your clothes by their colours before you put them into the washing machine. But it is not enough. Also you need to divide them by their fabric. Because there are fabrics which is more delicate than others, so you have to take care of them more. The list below contain some of the ways in which you have to separate your clothes depending on their fabrics.
→ Jeans: This category includes all items with denim material.
→ Delicates/ Silk/ Polyester: Lingerie and any clothing you’d like to keep from the harsh agitation of the washer are washed together in this load.
! One advice for you: You can wash your lingerie in the normal cycle with your cottons. But to protect them, before you throw them into the washing machine put them into special mesh bag
→ Cottons: Because of the fact that cotton is one of the most popular fabric, here you can put most of your clothes.
→ Towels: They have to be washed with hot water and by using normal cycle because they are one of the dirtiest things in your home.
- Read the care label on clothing:
But how to find out what is the fabric of your clothes. This is so easy. Just read the label! The labels show everything you have to know about your clothes: the fabric, if the cloth can be washed into washing machine, if you can use bleach on it, if you can iron it etc. So, it is really important to read the labels before you laundry your clothes if you want to keep them clean and without damages.
But to protect all clothes from the damage that a washing machine can do, zip all zippers, and turn the clothes inside out before washing.
- Cold water
Cold water is the best choice for sweaters, clothes that may shrink, fine fabrics and delicates, and denim. Wash your new dark-coloured clothes with cold water to protect their colours.
- Warm water
Warm water is good for white clothes and those which is in light colours. Combination of warm water and detergent will remove soil, stains and bacteria.
- Hot water
Hot water works best with heavily stained clothes, bath towels and cottons.
How much laundry detergent you need depend on the size of your pile. Just read the instructions on the laundry detergent container so that you know how much to put in. Some detergents are more concentrated so require less detergent.
1. Colour-safe bleach: You can use it on all of your clothes. It does not discolour fabrics and remove the stain effectively. But this kind of bleach does not disinfect the clothes like chlorine one.
2. Chlorine bleach: Use it only on white clothes. Never wash colour fabrics with it because the chlorine bleach will discolour them! If you want to use bleach in your washing machine check if your machine has a bleach dispenser. If it does not have first make solution with bleach and water and then put it on the clothes.
3. Fabric softener is a conditioner which prevents cling and makes your clothes soft and flossy.
- Fill the machine
1. Regular or “normal” cycle: combination of fast agitation and fast spin is good for clothes with stains, begging, denim, towels, cottons, and linen.
2. Permanent Press cycle: combination of fast agitation and slow spin is perfect for knits or polyesters because prevents wrinkling.
3. Delicate cycle: combination of slow agitation and slow spin will safe your delicate clothes like silks and wools, or lingerie.
- Hand washing
Fill a bathroom sink or laver with warm water and a proper detergent. Leave the clothes to soak for 20-30 minutes. Then swill in clear warm or cold water a few times. Hang dry.
1. Regular (High Heat) cycle: Use this settings with white clothes, towels, jeans, linens, sheets, or clothes that are pre-shrunk. It is not advisable to use it with items laundered in hot water.
2. Permanent Press (Medium Heat) cycle: This is good for most of your clothes, except the delicates, because it is possible they to lose their shape.
3. Delicate (Low Heat) cycle: The slower speed of this setting make it good for frail fabrics and knits, because it dries gently.
- Hang drying
Use this method on no stretched clothes, like cottons, polyesters, silks. To avoid bunching at the shoulders just pin the tops by the hemline. If you have wool sweaters and knits which have to be dries use a flat surface to dry them. This will prevent they to lose their shape.
- Quick tricks
1. To make the clothes in the dryer to dry quicker, put a clean dry towel in the dryer with the wet clothes. This towel is like absorber and will make the drying faster.
2. When you leave the clothes in the dryer too long, they are wrinkled. To make the wrinkles gone, just put a clean, wet towel into the dryer and turn on it for 15 minutes intervals.